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Euro-BRICS Youth Summit : a brave and forward looking initiative, by Prof Alexander Zhebit (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro)

Organizing, on the one hand, a scientific brain- storming meeting in Helsinki to try to sum up some principals points of views, regarding the global governance issues, especially EU-Russia /Eurasia relationship, now in a slurry state, and, on the other, a Euro-BRICS young leaders summit, that one aiming to build a new bridge for the EU-BRICS rapprochement in an impetus to inject a new blood and fresh ideas about a new global order and a global society in the making, that will help to meet the old problems of security, multipolarity and integratio, is a brave and forward looking initiative.

The fact, that all of us will be meeting in Helsinki on the eve of the 40th anniversary of the Final Act, is overwhelming us with a much bigger scientific responsibility, than at the previous meetings, because of what we are going to produce and offer as our proposals for the world leaders. What the negotiators of the Helsinki process did 40 years ago and have done since then was a miraculous result – a gradual destruction the doctrine, clinged upon on both the sides of the iron curtain, of the Cold War. They managed to build a new perspective of security, based on the inter-related approach of political and military confidence building, free trade paradigm and human rights security. A renowned diplomat of the time wrote: « In Helsinki, for the first time in the postwar period, human rights and fundamental freedoms became recognized subjects of the East-West discourse and negotiation ». Another one, on the opposite site, just after the end of the Cold War, was more open-minded in his memoirs: « The Helsinque Final Act was signed on August 1, 1975, and its ultimate reality was that it played a significant role in bringing about the long and difficult process of liberalization inside the Soviet Union and the nations of Eastern Europe. This in the end caused the fundamental changes in all these countries that helped to end the Cold War ».

The real winners of the Cold War, in my view, were those pacifiers who were building at the CSCE a common security perspective in a divided bipolar world. That is why, at this right moment when this perspective, now in a multipolar world, is at stake, because of the Ukrainian tug-of-war, the role of the OSCE, as quite a single and quixotic paladin of peace and security in this squabble of the newly-born opposing alliances, by binômes « EU – ErAsianEU/CIS », « NATO – OrgTreatCollDefence/SCO », must not only be reinforced, but be reinvigorated or reinvented, through a new diplomatic process, of trust-building, common and shared security in a world of changing realities and polarities, of new challenges and threats of the global world, of the natural rights of the peoples, of cultural diversities, of the rights of the minorities, of the new rights of regions, which is a bright innovation to the international law. I think that without dealing with this perspective, we will be delayed in discussing other very important and serious questions, as defense and security, currency, energy and commodities, trade.

The meeting could include into the discussion the topics of a) world regions and their rights, as related to the European Union and the BRICS. b) Eurasian and global security issues in the context of the OSCE +. These suggestions might be bigger than our scope, but not insurmountable in terms of a discussion by a civil society and a scientific community, considering our eagerness to try to quench the fire of conflicts, hot and cold.